Before having type 2 diabetes, you almost always have prediabetes, which is known because blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to diagnose diabetes mellitus. Recent studies have shown that damage to the heart and circulatory system may already be happening in this process.
Why Do People Get Diabetes?
The causes of diabetes mellitus remain a mystery, although genetic factors and problems associated with obesity, poor diet, and lack of exercise are known to play an important role.
How Are Diabetes Classified?
Diabetes is classified into 2 main types-
Type 1 diabetes that results from the body’s inability to produce insulin, the hormone that “opens” the body’s cells, allowing glucose to enter and be consumed. In general, it is estimated that no more than 10% of all diabetics have type 1.
Type 2 diabetes is when partial resistance to insulin develops, a condition when the body cannot use insulin properly. Most diabetics have this type of diabetes.
How Do I Know If I Have Diabetes?
The symptoms of diabetes mellitus can vary from person to person, however, the most common could be:
- Going to the bathroom more frequently,
- Increased thirst,
- Blurred vision,
- Stomach pain, and
- Sometimes weight loss.
Type one diabetes is normally found in children, while symptoms of type 2 diabetes are mainly found in adults. This is not always since children are sometimes diagnosed with type 2 diabetes as well, a trend that has increased in recent years.
One of the most important things that diabetics must take into account is to take care of their diet through a healthy and nutritious diet, accompanied by regular exercise, which helps in the treatment of this disease. Always consult with an experienced diabetes doctor to find out exactly what treatment to follow, what foods to eat, and what diet to follow, he can also guide you in the amount of exercise you can do. All of this will make you feel calmer and more at ease with yourself as it has great health benefits.
How Do Diabetes Mellitus Myths Differ From Reality?
Myth 1: Diabetes can spread. This is absolutely false, there is no contagion by colds or anything that is transmitted by air.
Myth 2: People with diabetes cannot eat candy or chocolate. If consumed as part of a balanced, moderate, and a healthy diet, these can be included in small amounts in a diet, because the body also needs to break down sugars to transform them into energy.
Myth 3: Eating too much sugar causes diabetes. No, diabetes is caused by a combination of genetics and lifestyle factors, however, being overweight increases the risk factor of type 2 diabetes. If you have a history of diabetes in your family, try making an eating plan and healthy living in order to minimize risk.
Myth 4: People with diabetes should eat special foods for diabetics. This is not always the case, because there are many natural foods that are used for a balanced diet, although from time to time you can integrate special products for diabetics to supplement if necessary.
Myth 5: If you have diabetes, you should only eat low amounts of starchy foods, such as bread, potatoes, and pasta. Starchy foods are also part of a healthy eating plan. What is important in this regard is the amount of the portion, and that is what should be taken care of.
Myth 6: Diabetes causes people to get colds and other illnesses more frequently. No, you are not more prone to colds or other illnesses if you have diabetes, however, these people are recommended to get vaccinated against the flu. This is because any infection interferes with your blood glucose management, which could cause your blood glucose levels to rise.
Myth 7: Insulin causes arteriosclerosis and high blood pressure. No, insulin does not cause this disease. Laboratory tests were carried out that made insulin could initiate some of the first processes associated with arteriosclerosis, so some doctors feared that this was the case, but it was proven that it does not.