Definition of Retinoid
The term “retinoid” refers to a type of chemical component made from Vitamin A. As a result, retinoids have similar structural and functional properties to vitamin A. Retinoids are a common active ingredient in many dermatological medications and cosmeceutical formulations due to their favourable benefits on the skin and appearance. Retinoids can be used to treat mild acne and age-related symptoms at low doses. Although you’ll need a doctor’s prescription to get a much stronger formulation, it will help you address significant skin problems.
Uses of retinoids
In dermatology and cosmetics, retinoids are frequently employed. The treatment of mild to moderate acne is the most common application. Acne is a skin ailment that occurs when dead skin cells and sebum clog the hair follicles. Bacteria that grow in the area can cause inflammation and infection, which can lead to worsening acne. If you have oily skin, retinoid can assist. If you have mild to moderate acne, retinoid can help. For oily skin, retinoids can clear pores, allowing other skincare products to operate more effectively. They also aid in the prevention of future acne breakouts by preventing dead cells from clogging pores.
For pigmented skin, such as melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, tiny patches, and discolouration, topical retinoids are an excellent option. Retinoids aid to treat certain skin disorders by acting on melanin cells. Because high retinoid concentrations might produce post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, if you have it, you should strive to reduce its occurrence by modifying your treatment plans and concentrations.
How to properly use retinoids?
It’s important to follow the advice on the packaging when using an over-the-counter retinoid, and see your dermatologist if you’re using a prescription retinoid. To avoid excessive sun exposure, it may be best to do this in the evening. Examine your current skincare routine before adding a retinoid; some ingredients can make retinoids less effective and unpleasant. Avoid products containing ethyl alcohol or witch hazel, as they cause irritation and redness, which exacerbate the retinoid effects.
Retinoids provide various advantages, but they also have certain drawbacks, such as skin irritation and inflammation. However, frequent use of high doses is more likely to cause these symptoms. It’s best to follow the advice on the packaging while using an over-the-counter retinoid. Retinoids should not be used more frequently (no more than once per day) or in higher concentrations than the manufacturer recommends. If you experience any side effects, you should contact a dermatologist right once.