Microbial identification is the process of identifying harmful bacteria and fungi that may contaminate raw materials, manufacturing facilities and branded products. Accurate and definitive microbial identification is critical for disease diagnosis and treatment of infections. Bacterial identification is widely used across manufacturing facilities, clinical settings and environmental studies.
Earlier, bacterial identification primarily relied on phenotypic identification of the causative organisms using techniques such as gram staining, biochemical and culture methods. One of the major disadvantages associated with these methods was that they can be applied to organism that can be cultivated in vitro. Technical advances over the past decade have led the introduction of molecular techniques such as polymerase chain reaction and microarrays that have proven beneficial over conventional methods of microbial identification.
The global market for microbial identification has been segmented into consumables, instruments & software and services. Consumables segment account for products that include reagents, plates, media and other consumables. A list of instruments and software that constitute the instruments & software segment include polymerase chain reactions (PCR), mass spectrometers (MS), microarrays, flow cytometers, automated microbial identification systems and microscopes. Services segment includes services related with microbes’ identification and culture collection. On the basis of application, the market has been segmented into Pharmaceutical, cosmetic and personal care products manufacturing, food and beverages, diagnostics, environmental and academic research centers.
The growth of microbial identification market is mainly driven by increasing prevalence of various infectious diseases, growing concerns towards the food safety and technological developments leading to the introduction of innovative products with faster turnaround time. In addition, rising healthcare expenditure in developing nations like India, China, Brazil, South Africa and Russia will also propel the market growth during the forecast period from 2014 to 2020. Geographically, the market for microbial identification has been categorized into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of the World (RoW). North America that includes United States and Canada accounted for the largest regional market for microbial identification in 2013 with a largest market share in terms of revenue (USD Million).