According to a team of international researchers, during pregnancy a mother can pass a chemical called by bisphenol A (BPA) to her offspring which can cause changes in the gut bacteria of the offspring. Bisphenol A is used in the linings of food, in plastic packaging, and beverage cans. Researchers said that the exposure to BPA during pregnancy may lead to chronic inflammation of the liver and intestine of the baby. A decrease in the diversity of gut bacteria, increased gut permeability, and anti-inflammatory bacterial metabolites are some of the signs in the offspring of a mother who is exposed to BPA. As leaky gut and decreased gut bacteria diversity are indicators of inflammation related chronic diseases, it is bad news for the child, and thus parents should avoid being exposed to the chemical Bisphenol A.
The prevalence of obesity and inflammation related chronic diseases such as colon cancer and type 2diabetes is on the rise. However, the cause of inflammation in intestine and liver has never been understood. The study conducted by these researchers have shed light to a new perspective regarding the cause of inflammation of the intestine, that being toxins in the environment.
Long lasting health problems can ensue in the offspring who is not even directly exposed to BPA but receive this exposure from the mother’s milk. Both the liver and intestine tissues are damaged and gut bacteria diversity is low. In future these researchers would like to investigate how diet and environment during pregnancy can affect the long term health of the baby. They are currently trying to figure out how beneficial compounds can influence gut bacteria and help fight chronic diseases as well as how toxicants in the environment or those present in the food can negatively affect the gut bacteria and increase the risk of chronic diseases. Researchers feel that anti inflammatory foods such as purple potato might help reduce the level of toxicants in the mother and help influence the baby’s susceptibility to acquire chronic diseases in the future.