Common Sleep Disorders: Causes, Symptoms & Types

The majority of people occasionally have trouble sleeping as a result of stress, hectic schedules, and other outside factors. Yet, they can be signs of a sleeping disorder if they arise frequently and interfere with daily life. Depending on the type of sleep disturbance, people with it may find it difficult to fall asleep and may have excessive daytime fatigue. Lack of sleep can negatively impact your energy levels, mood, ability to concentrate, and general health.

In rare circumstances, sleep disturbances might be a sign of another physical or mental illness. These sleeping issues might eventually go away once the underlying cause is remedied. When another condition is not the source of a sleep disturbance, it is typically treated with a mix of medical procedures and dietary modifications. It is imperative that you acquire a diagnosis and insomnia treatments as soon as possible if you feel you may have a sleep issue. The detrimental impacts of sleep disturbances can have significant negative effects on a person’s health if they are not treated.

They can also hinder your ability to do daily duties, negatively affect your work performance, and strain relationships.

Sleep Disorder Types

  1. Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)

RLS is a syndrome where you shake or tremble your legs as a result of an uncomfortable situation. One of the sorts of sleep disorders that makes it difficult to get to sleep or stay asleep at night is this one. Any age group can be impacted by RLS. Adults, however, experience it more frequently, and it gets worse with age.

  2. Insomnia

No matter how exhausted you were or how hard you worked, you have definitely had evenings when you were unable to get to sleep. If this happens frequently, insomnia may be the source of sleep difficulties. It is a disorder that makes it difficult for you to fall or stay asleep.

  3. REM Sleep Behavior Disorder (RBD)

When people act out their dreams, whether they are straightforward, spectacular, or violent, it is known as REM sleep behavior disorder. Individuals with RBD are unable to feel the paralysis that occurs during REM sleep. They can therefore move their limbs and carry out their dreams.

 4. Sleep Apnea

When your breathing is interrupted while you’re sleeping, sleep apnea happens and you wake up suddenly. If you have this condition, you might breathe sporadically or gasp for air. People with this condition commonly stop breathing while sleeping. If untreated, sleep apnea can cause high blood pressure and a heart attack. Also, it influences how well you sleep.

Signs & Symptoms of Sleep Disorders

Depending on the type and degree of the sleeping issue, there are different symptoms. These might vary if another illness is the root cause of the sleep disturbance.

The following are general signs of sleep disorders:

  • Having trouble falling or staying asleep
  • fatigue during the day
  • unusual breathing patterns and a strong desire to nap during the day
  • unusual or unpleasant urges to move while falling asleep 
  • unusual movement or other sleep experiences
  • unintentional shifts in your sleep-wake cycle
  • irritability or anxiety
  • poor performance at work or school 
  • inability to concentrate 
  • depression
  • gaining weight

Causes of Sleep Disorders

Sleep disruptions can be caused by a variety of factors. The final result of all sleep disorders, regardless of their cause, is a disruption or exaggeration of the body’s regular sleeping and waking cycle. There are eight potential causes of sleep problems, including:

  • physical ailments like ulcers
  • health issues like asthma
  • Mental disorders including anxiety and sadness
  • environmental elements like drinking alcohol
  • putting in night shifts
  • genetic factors like narcolepsy
  • taking some drugs

Treatment of Sleep Disorders 

Treatments for insomnia that are frequently employed include:

  • You will work with a sleep disorder specialist to treat underlying mental health concerns including anxiety or depression using cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT).
  • Instruction in Sleep Hygiene – A sleep expert will work with you to create improved sleeping practices.

Your doctor will try to treat both disorders while searching for a problem that might be causing your sleep issue:

  • Medication: A few sleep aids may help temporarily reduce the symptoms of insomnia.
  • Modifications to Your Lifestyle: Making lifestyle changes can significantly enhance the quality of your sleep, particularly when they are combined with medical interventions. You might want to think about:
  • Developing and maintaining a regular sleep schedule, increasing your intake of fruits, vegetables, and fish, and lowering your sugar intake, all while reducing stress and anxiety.
  • Consuming less water before going to bed
  • Lowering your caffeine intake, particularly in the late afternoon or evening, and lowering your consumption of alcohol and cigarette use
  • Consuming more frequent, low-carb meals before bed
  • Keeping to a healthy weight in accordance with your doctor’s advice. Having a regular bedtime and wake-up time can also greatly enhance the quality of your sleep. While it may be tempting to sleep in on the weekends, doing so may make it more challenging to wake up and go to sleep during the workweek.

You can also check our post on: Hypertension ( High Blood Pressure ) – Overview

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